The most important function of the plant growth is the Photosynthesis The plant leaves take during day Carbon dioxide (from the atmosphere) and convert it together with water by means of light energy into carbohydrate and Oxygen. To enhance the photosynthesis CO, must be increased.
CARBOVIT takes CO2, and H20 at night and is converted to Hydrogen Carbonate.
During day the temperature increases, the water evaporates out of the equilibrium which therefore, shifts to the left hand side forming back the CARBOVIT, and setting CO, free at high concentration right at the leaf surface which diffuses instantly inside the leaf.
By this Ping Pang process CARBOVIT acts as a long term depot supplying plants over long time with CO, as long as it exists on the leaf surface.
The chemical reaction from left to right in the above reaction is possible from the energetic point of view (energy level on the left is > than that on the right). However, this reaction occurs in nature relatively slowly, because there is a kinetic barrier to be overcome (an energy hill which has first to be climbed up by activation energy of the reactants).This is delivered by the fluctuating activation energy of the CARBOVIT particles, so that it takes place quickly.
Intensifies growth and green coloration.
Enhances plant resistance against drought, frost, insects pests and fungal infection
On mixing with amino acids as nitrogen source, the Ca and Mg are bond by chelate complexes leading to their better transport and metabolism.
Especially the metabolism of Mg in forming Chlorophyll is increased and so also the degree of photosynthesis.
Recommended by European Community for organic farming according to EWG 20921/91
Experiments and field trials using CARBOVIT I AminolForte combined foliar fertilizer applied on Potatoes in Egypt and Saudi Arabia led to a yield increase of 73 — 92% and high quality improvement.
In hot season, plants increase transpiration. The concentration of dissolved products and so the osmotic pressure in the intercellular compartment increases, water transports from the closing cells around the stomata pore into the intercellular compartment to dilute its solution. The closing cells shrink. As they have elastic membrane in the middle, but less elastic one at the ends, these get tightly around the pore and close it.
Due to shortage of water and insufficient CO, supply, the photosynthesis breaks down, plant become wilt and stunted. This is counteracted by CARBOVIT as follows:
CARBOVIT increases the concentration of dissolved products and the osmotic pressure in the intercellular compartment especially after transforming into Caions and CO2, so that, the stomata closes faster.
The closing of the stomata is accelerated by the action of Ca2+ ions, which enhances the formation of the hormone ABA (Abscisic Acid) which transports the signal to the closing cell of the stomata.
On closing the stomata the plant hold back the water necessary for the photosynthesis.
Despite closed stomata, CO2 is still supplied to the plant by CARBOVIT, so Photosynthesis still goes on.
This effect is not yet explained completely. However, it is known that fungi activity is sensitively related to the pH of the milieu, where a variation of some tenths of a pH unit could be a deciding factor.
Very probably the decreasing pH on forming the Hydrogen Carbonate at night defends plants against fungal attack. This action is already reported in some papers.